An Overview of the PCB Fabrication Industry

Printed circuit boards (PCBs) are an essential part of most consumer electronic products and they are also used in the industrial, transportation and medical sectors. A PCB is a mechanical fabrication that comprises of many layers of fiberglass sheets. These sheets are laminated with patterns made of etched copper. The top and bottom parts of these multi-layer boards are made with a base material with copper foil.There are also copper foils on the inner layers of the board. Copper foil acts as its conducting layer. Among all the other raw materials used in fabricating a PCB, copper has the largest cost. It accounts for about 30% of the entire cost of PCB. The number of cores depends on the design of the board.

PCBThe PCB is essentially the base that supports and wires the components that are surface-mounted and socketed.It is utilized in order to connect electronic components and making them work by creating conductive pathways.When all the electronic components of a product are connected through a predetermined pathway, it acts as a relay transmission.PCB fabrication or PCB manufacturing is an important part of the entire process because PCB manufacturing quality will result in the reliability and competitiveness of the products.

The technical standards and level of development of the electronics industry rely on the quality of its printed circuit board.

Looking at the PCB industry from a worldwide perspective, its total output comprises of ¼ of the global electronic components industry revenue. According to industry analysis, there is an increasing demand for PCBs, and along with this growth also come an increased demand for precision, complexity, and quality of this product.

There is a projected 3.6% growth in the PCB industry for seven years, from 2015 to 2022. The drivers of this projected growth are the continued widespread use of the PCB in consumer electronics, widespread internet usage, the unprecedented number of users of mobile technology (smartphones and tablets), and the continued upgrade of equipment in health, automotive, aircraft and military industries. More and more PCB applications continue to be discovered every year.

pcb industryThe global PCB fabrication market earns billions of dollars, and when segmented by end-user application, the number one user of manufactured PCBs is the radio electronics industry. This is followed by the health care and pharmaceutical industry, aerospace and defense, industrial electronics, consumer electronics (particularly products such as television, washing machine, and microwave ovens), maritime transport, and the automotive industry.

US-based companies who supply PCBs are enjoying a three-month growth in 2016. There are many PCB suppliers in the United States, but quality PCB fabrication that is trusted by major companies is hard to find. Imagineering, Inc. is an American company based in Illinois that supplies PCBs to more than 2,500 customers. This includes major firms and industry leaders such as NASA, Boeing, Intel, Whirlpool, Sony Electronics, Motorola, Hoover, Lexmark, Westinghouse, GE, and many more. These customers can attest to their competitive prices, excellent customer service, quality, and prompt delivery. Its customer relationship is well-known in the industry, and one of the major core values of the company. They are able to fulfill bulk orders but still maintain quality as they work with offshore facilities in China, Taiwan and Korea. These overseas facilities have passed through stringent quality standards. Despite reservations that these facilities, being overseas will not meet standards, Imagineering has proven that it reliability and promise of quality goes beyond the borders of the US. Outsourcing to these countries means that companies who order in bulk can save due to the principle of economies-of-scale.

The systematic approach of Imagineering when it comes to the PCB fabrication process assures clients that all the basic steps of the manufacturing system is thoroughly checked and monitored. Quality certification bodies such as IPC-A-600 Fhave attested to this. Important steps in the manufacturing process such as PCB etching, drilling, conductor plating, solder resist, and PCB testing are all carefully checked. All issues and problems are averted because they also pay attention to the pre-fabrication step. This is the reason why their PCBs are Class 2 certified. Class 2 means that they are used for dedicated service electronic products where high performance and extended life is required, such as complex business and communication equipment.

Author Bio:
Pcbnet provides excellent customer service,the best thing about Imagineering is we can bank on a quality circuit board that will be here when we need it. There is no comparison with off shore competitors who promise cheaper prices.
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Custom Lanyards For Your Everyday Use

Lanyards are often seen in our daily activities. In one way or another, they have been a part of your life, whether you are a student or a professional, common or high-profile.

Throughout time, lanyards have proven their worth and continue to develop more functions to serve us in our daily needs. The introduction of custom lanyards even made it more useful than it is to suit our personal preferences and expand the functions of this cord business.


With the booming industry of lanyards, one can find ways on how to utilize these straps more. Thus, we listed down their primary functions and various uses that may help you in your daily needs.


Wear your identity loud and proud!

One of the most common uses of lanyards is for identification. Schools, companies and organizations often use customized lanyards to identify themselves from the crowd.

Uniformity screams the spirit of the organization one belongs to, and a well-designed lanyard is a great solution to achieve this. It is a powerful and eye-catching tool to be easily recognized.


Increase the security and feel safe at work!

Since lanyards are often used for identification, this also improves the security of the whole company or organization you are working for. For example, for offices that require identification, such as government buildings, these lanyards prove their worth.

By wearing customized lanyards, you can be easily identified and you can represent your department well. IDs or access cards can also be attached for easier identification.

Handy, isn’t it? Not only can it provide identification; it also secures you from unwanted and shady situations.

Item Holder

Never lose your items anymore!

Lanyards are also widely used as item holders. Be it ID badges, keys, wallets or handheld gadgets, a lanyard proves to be a handy tool to keep your things in check.

Wear it around your neck, strap it on your bag or keep it in your pocket. Lanyards can secure your items more and prevent you from misplacing or losing them.


Lanyards are not only for safekeeping or identification. You can also use them for brand promotion.

With custom lanyards, it is now easier to promote your company brands or endorse groups or institutions. A customized lanyard can have the brand logo, name or even messages for everyone to see. You can wear it inside or outside the company premises, thus, it works as a handy tool to promote your brand.

Clever, right? Showcase your brand with this effective and cost-efficient method!


Dump your plain and boring straps; go with custom lanyards and step up your fashion style!

Yes, lanyards can also be fashionable in so many ways. With its customizable feature, lanyards can fit your day-to-day outfits with the right mix and match. You can choose your favorite color, design and style to achieve that cool and trendy look from our offered lanyards.

Start your own trend and release your inner fashion sense now!

ID Lanyards

Event Freebies

Need an idea for giveaways for your events? Our custom lanyards are here to save the day!

Personalized items are always appreciated, so have your freebies customized and make your event a memorable one. Either a company event or a personal occassion, imprint your company logo, event name or anything you want and let your guests remember.

Spice up your event with these personalized and exciting giveaways!

With so many functions, lanyards have already evolved from their original use. Who would have thought a simple strap can be used in so many ways? It only proves that even the simplest items can do wonders if used right.

Now that you are familiar with its many uses, it is time to get yourself a treat and experience the perks of getting your own lanyard. Whether it is for personal or for business purposes, have it personalized with us and we guarantee to provide you with exceptional custom lanyards that can suit your daily needs visit here for more information about custom lanyards.

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The different types of golf iron sets

Golf used to be a sport that only the rich could afford; however, as the sport became more popular, the number of people who played it increase. More sport enthusiasts are becoming interested with the sport. Because of the popularity of golf, the demand for high quality golf equipment has drastically increased. Manufacturers also had to come up with a huge variety of clubs to make sure that all types of players will be accommodated.

One of the most important golf equipment is the golf iron set. It is such a crucial item that it can either make or break a golf game. It is no wonder why people take their irons seriously when it comes to golf.


A single player will need different kinds of irons for different distances and terrains. An example of a type of club that is part of certain golf iron sets are numbered irons. This particular set has irons that are numbered that indicate the loft of the club. There are some sets that have numbers ranging from zero to twelve; however, the most common one ranges only from three to nine.

One of the irons in this set is called the driving iron, which is numbered one in the set. This kind of club is probably the most difficult one to swing with. Professionals who have playing this sport for a long time now are the ones who prefer this iron. They are familiar with it, and their golf iron sets would not be complete without it. This type is not ideal for amateurs because they will simply have a hard time swinging with it. In fact, a lot of the modern sets no longer include this particular iron. Fortunately, there are golf iron sets made for all types of players, no matter what skill levels are.

Another type of iron in this set is called the short irons. This type has a short shaft, and the iron itself does not have much mass. It is typically numbered between eight and nine. Out of all the irons in the numbered set, this one is the easiest to hit with. Because it does not have a lot of mass, it is not meant for long distances. It does not have the weight required to give extra power to the swing. The great thing about this iron is that the lack of mass makes it a lot easier to control, making it perfect for shots that require a lot of accuracy.

golf playingAnother type of club in the set is called wedges. These types of irons are also not meant for very long distances, but they are perfect for situations that can be somewhat tricky to get out of. It can give a player the angle that he wants for a particular shot. It is the ideal club for situations like being stuck in the hazard, or being surrounded by trees or shrubbery. This iron can also be used for simply putting the ball in the green.

A lot of players will usually have a couple of wedges in their golf iron sets. Each type of wedge can give the ball a different angle of trajectory. It can also give the ball a lot of spin which makes it more accurate and perfect for punching through shrubbery and other hindrances.

These are just some of the irons that can be part of golf iron sets. There is no template that any player has to follow. They just have to make sure that all the irons in their sets are irons that they are comfortable with and can really enhance their skills.

One of the most important golf equipment is the golf iron set. It is such a crucial item that it can either make or break a golf game. The variety of golf iron set available from the Rockbottomgolf.

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How Custom Challenge Coins Are Made

Challenge coins have been around for a very long time and are currently being used by different sectors, mostly by the military or the defense sector. Along with medals and awards, a challenge coin bears great significance for the owner. Members of the United States military have a long standing tradition of carrying these coins as a symbol of brotherhood and unit identity.

A challenge coin will usually have the organization’s symbol or emblem and is usually presented to the member by someone with ranking authority as recognition for their services and achievements.

Custom Challenge Coinsin History

No one knows exactly when challenge coins first came to be. In fact, there are a lot of stories revolving around its wonderful origins. The most common story is about a young World War I pilot who carried his medallion unit minted specifically for their air squadron by their lieutenant. Shortly after he got his medallion, his plane crashed behind enemy lines and was immediately captured by German soldiers. He was stripped of all his personal identification, save for his squad medallion, and taken to a French town. One night, in the middle of a bombardment, he escaped.


Eventually, he was able to avoid all German patrols to reach the front lines, and with great difficulty, crossed No-Man’s Land. Unfortunately, he did not have any proof of his identity as a United States pilot. The French outpost who found him thought that he was a saboteur and prepared to execute him. Fortunately, one of his French captors recognized the emblem on his medallion, stalling the execution long enough to properly identify him. And instead of an execution, he got a bottle of wine.

After this incident, it became mandatory for a military unit’s members to carry their squadron coin at all times. Challenge coins became even more popular during the Vietnam War. The Special Forces minted coins to express their unit’s unique identity and the strong brotherhood that has been formed within the unit. Other units had their own challenge coins minted as a means to build camaraderie and to symbolize the pride of being a part of an elite group of soldiers.

A challenge coin is not just a token. Today, they are a source of pride among the soldiers of the United States military at every level of its chain of command. Some commanders also use them for on-the-spot rewards. Senior military members hand out challenge coins as gifts to foreign diplomats or civilian VIPs.Most importantly, a challenge coin is supposed to be carried at all times by every member of the military. Coin checks are pretty much still a part of being in the military. It even carries a penalty for those who are found without their coin. In fact, some of those penalties include buying drinks for the whole squad.

Its popularity has now even spread to people outside of the military. Today, several minting companies have started selling old collectible and custom challenge coins.

There are a lot of people who are fond of custom challenge coins, either as a souvenir or as their organization’s own personal emblem. For example, a businessman can give out custom challenge coins to exemplary employees as acknowledgement of their hard work. While compensation is also important for your employees, giving them a special commemorative coin along with the monetary reward to give them the morale boost to continue along their path of success.

Custom challenge coins are pretty easy and inexpensive to make. You can even use gold, silver, or any metallic alloy finish on your custom challenge coinsto make it even more special.

Custom challenge coins are an image of the bond you impart to kindred unit individuals, a pointer of the novel encounters you share.

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The best motivational speakers know that communication is a dance for their message to be  effectively communicated across. It needs to be understood the first time. Motivational  speakers must learn how to achieve this kind of clarity through the process of listening, active listening, which consists of tuning in to the audience, acknowledging their presence, empathizing and responding appropriately to their feedback. It is an important skill for public speakers because good communication is a partnership between them and their audience. Great motivational speakers understand that this is the best skill to develop.

motivational speakerListening is a technique used to manage the audience. Establishing rapport plays an important role in this process. The message, even given in a concise and straightforward manner can be misunderstood simply because the speaker had not gained a connection with his audience. In turn, his responses are out of context, inappropriate and not relatable to the receiver. Through good listening strategies, the sender will be able to construct and refine the message.

Listening is an often neglected skill in communication. As a speaker, have you experienced times when the audience are not responding to your expectations? Or vice-versa? This happens when you are just talking at your audience rather than communicating to your audience. The speaker must match tone, humor, words and anecdotes to his audience. They will not pay attention to what you say if you do not. Listening can make your responses more deliberate.

The difference between hearing and listening is that the former is an involuntary and uncontrollable process. Listening is a conscious, voluntary action of making sense of what we hear, seeking an understanding and remembering the content of what we hear.

Often, the spontaneity of the talk will not allow a speaker to write a speech verbatim. Listening will help the speaker add flavor to the audience interaction.  This is the best kept secret of motivational speakers. The speaker can take out the noise when he communicates by following these simple steps:

Tuning in to what is being said

Discard the cue card and look at your audience! Focus your mind to what is being said despite certain distractions in the environment. Listening and talking complement one another because it shows that the communicator truly respects his audience. Ask questions, not only to show your interest, but to clarify information.


Acknowledge the emotions or the situation of the person. See the information being shared from his point of view. Even without agreeing, try to understand their emotions or opinion  on the situation by voicing out that you do.

Don’t jump to conclusions

Keep an open mind and control your biases. Your task is to be a guide to the audience. Help them draw out solutions or endings by asking more questions that may lead to it.


Get a clearer picture by making the person give examples. Follow-up with more questions but keep the exchange short. It also indicates your interest level and shows  your intent to be helpful.

Take notes

Writing down details will help you remember and stay on track. A written record will also help when you refer back to the subject at a later point in your talk. During your conversation, ensure that your notes are accurate by allowing the person to comment, clarify or add details.

Mind your body language

You are at the center of the room which makes your gestures, posture and eye contact seen by everyone. Nervous presenters make the audience nervous and appear not knowledgeable. The physical message is as important as the spoken one. Remain calm by doing breathing exercises. Your movements should be well-planned. Practice prior to your speaking engagement to synchronize movements across the stage with your intended message.

Author Bio:
Great motivational speakers understand that this is the best skill to develop. It is an important skill for public speakers because good communication is a partnership between them and their audience.
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Tips to Keep Employee Engagement

Are your employees giving their all to your company? Do they believe that their roles are crucial in the achievement of the organization’s goals? Do your employees feel appreciated? If you answered “no” to these three questions, red flag should be up. Why? Company owners who are not looking after their employees are in fact losing customers, money and cost saving measures. 

winnerCompany owners must prioritize getting to know more about their employees to make them fully engaged. It creates a win-win situation for both sides. With this in mind, follow the tips below to power up and sustain employee engagement. 

1. Shrug off your negative opinions about your employees. Approach your employees and treat them as a source of new knowledge that are valuable contributions to your company. As an owner of the company and their leader, you are creating the vision of achievement. 

2. Get to know more of your employees especially their goals in life, stress factors, their definition of success and what makes them excited to work. Show that you are genuinely interested to know them better whenever it is appropriate. Do your part in making their goals a reality such as providing work-life balance. 

3. Part of employee engagement is making sure that you provide all that they need in order to do their jobs. You can simply make rounds and ask your employees if they have everything they need to function well and become fully competent in their jobs.3. Part of employee engagement is making sure that you provide all that they need in order to do their jobs. You can simply make rounds and ask your employees if they have everything they need to function well and become fully competent in their jobs. 

4. Clearly communicate to your employees your expectations from them; the company’s vision, mission and objectives; and the success factors of the organization. Employees will not be productive and cannot perform well if they are not aware of what the company aims to do. Excellent communication between you and your employees helps increase positive outputs and reduce stress. 

5. Make time to ask your employees for feedback –Ask them about how they would rate your performance as their employer or manager and leader. This might be a challenge for you to do. However, it is more challenging on the employee’s side to give an honest response. To develop this skill, you can start a conversation using these statements, “It is one of my goals to continually improve myself. What would you like me to improve as your leader or boss? What would you like me to do differently? What do you think should I start doing to make your job easier? 

In asking these questions, make sure that you are ready to accept the feedback with open mind and heart. Do not forget as well to give your appreciation after receiving the feedback. 

6. Ensure that you provide your employees a chance to grow and develop. Train and retrain them on their weaknesses such as developing resolutions and problem solving skills. These are crucial skills that will help them interact with you, colleagues, suppliers and of course your customers. 

7. One of the effective tips in employee engagement is recognizing and rewarding your employees in such a way that is meaningful to them. This is an important reason why knowing your employees better is very crucial. It is great to celebrate efforts and accomplishments to give your employees a boost. 

Once you have initiated employee engagement, you must be consistent. If you suddenly drop your plans, all your efforts will backfire. Remember, there is a connection between your commitment and your employee’s commitment. Your continuous commitment will keep employee engagement. 

Make your engagement with your employees a priority. Keep in mind that employees are your best assets. Their enthusiasm, feedback, collective ideas, commitment and dedication are the backbone of the success of your company. 

Some employees give all their best no matter what happens. However, there are also others who need guidance from skilled managers or employers.

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